The Executive Yuan—the highest administrative organ in the Republic of China—is empowered by the Constitution to carry out its functions and obligations. The Organizational Act of the Executive Yuan was enacted in 1947 in accordance with the Constitution and amended in 1949 to increase the number of Cabinet-level organizations to eight ministries, two commissions and one administration. As the nation’s needs changed over the following decades, more agencies were established.
In more recent times, however, an effort was launched to streamline the executive branch while improving its effectiveness and flexibility. Several government structure laws have been amended, and the number of Cabinet-level organizations will be reduced from 37 to 29 over the restructuring period starting January 1, 2012.